Washington State Clearinghouse on Human Trafficking
The Office of Crime Victims Advocacy is designated as a single point of contact in state government regarding the trafficking of persons. The Washington state clearinghouse on human trafficking is created as an information portal to share and coordinate statewide efforts to combat the trafficking of persons.
Victims are controlled physically, emotionally and financially. Escape is difficult because victims of human trafficking are often invisible. They may be afraid to approach authorities because they fear threats of harm against their families or deportation if they are not U.S. citizens. They may have no idea how to get help.
Learn more about resources available for victims and survivors.
Since 2002, Washington State has been at the forefront nationally in addressing and combating human trafficking and providing services for victims.
Learn more about statewide reports related to human trafficking.
The Washington State Legislature has long been committed to increasing access to support services and promoting awareness of trafficking throughout the state. In 2002, Washington was the first state to create an anti-trafficking task force.
Learn more about current task forces and committees working on human trafficking.
Some questions to ask:
1. Is this person experiencing violence, deception or threats which will make it difficult or impossible to leave the work situation?
2. Does this person owe a debt which makes it difficult or impossible to leave a work situation?
3. Is this person a minor who was induced to engage in commercial sex?
Learn more about the warning signs of human trafficking.
Anyone under the age 18 who is induced to engage in commercial sex is a trafficking victim, according to federal law. This form of trafficking is called Commercial Sexual Exploitation of Children (CSEC). CSEC occurs when a child or third party is offered or given money, goods or services for the sexual use of the child.
Learn more about CSEC, including the warning signs.
The Office of Crime Victims Advocacy has developed and compiled a number of resources to help service providers recognize the signs of trafficking with the clients they serve, and how to know what steps to take to assist victims and survivors.
Learn more about available resources.
Oftentimes data assists with identifying the incidence rate of crime(s), individuals impacted and additional information. Data related to human trafficking is unique. Multiple different systems may track data related to labor and sex trafficking such as law enforcement (local, federal, tribal), programs, non-profits, state agencies, county and city jurisdictions, Tribes and more. Data is captured based on requirements of various data systems that are used. Demographics and other information collected is also unique.
Data related to labor and sex trafficking assists by identifying a portion of the incidence rate but does not tell the whole story of what is occurring.
2020 Human Trafficking Data
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New! Information on Vulnerable Youth Guardianships. Click here for details. (PDF)
Download our anti-trafficking poster (message in eight languages) and share it with nonprofits and businesses in your community.
Anti-trafficking Poster 2016 (PDF)
Human trafficking is a form of modern-day slavery in which traffickers use force, fraud or coercion to control victims for the purpose of engaging in commercial sex acts or labor services against their will.
Labor trafficking has been found in diverse labor settings, including domestic work, small businesses, large farms and factories.
Sex trafficking has been found in a wide variety of venues within the sex industry, including residential brothels, escort services, fake massage businesses, strip clubs and street prostitution.
Human trafficking is illegal under both state and federal law. The Washington State Clearinghouse on Human Trafficking was created by the Office of Crime Victims Advocacy at the request of the state Legislature in 2016 (RCW7.68.370). The Clearinghouse provides information on statewide efforts to combat trafficking, news and updates regarding trafficking, and resources for victims and survivors.
OCVA Program Links
News and Updates
- The National Action Plan to Combat Human Trafficking
- Sex Trafficking in Indian Country: Advocacy Curriculum
- Human Trafficking Legal Center
- A Survey of Child Welfare and Labor Trafficking in California
- King County Council passes motion to support efforts to combat labor trafficking
- Human Trafficking and Domestic Violence Factsheet
- Understanding and Addressing Trauma and Child Trafficking (web)
- New CSEC Training: From Suspicion to Disclosure (web)
Core Competencies for Human Trafficking Response in Health Care and Behavioral Health Systems
U.S. Equal Employment Opportunity Commission (web)
Washington Anti-Trafficking Response Network (web)
National Center for Missing and Exploited Children (web)
Washington Coalition of Sexual Assault Programs (web)
Washington State Coalition Against Domestic Violence (web)
HEAL Trafficking – Health, Education,
Advocacy, Linkage (web)
Guiding Principles and Considerations for Programs Seeking Survivor Participation