Civilian-Military Land Use Compatibility
The Washington State Growth Management Act (GMA) (RCW 36.70A.530) cites the military’s significant role in the economy and declares a state priority to prevent incompatible development near military installations. Incompatible development also poses health and safety concerns for neighboring community members and military personnel operating or training for active duty.
Ongoing communication and collaborative planning is critical to understanding civilian-military interests in the landscape they share. Since 2015, Commerce has developed supportive resources for coordinated planning to help address the unique needs of areas around military bases and ranges:
• The 2019 Washington State Guidebook on Military and Community Compatibility (PDF) – A reference for compatibility planning practices for civilian and military members of the statewide community.
• The Defense Community Compatibility Account (DCCA) page details a grant program and legislative report that the Legislature initiated to support local compatibility projects (Substitute Senate Bill 5748).
• The Compatible Energy Siting Assessment (CESA )(see below) – A project promoting consultation between energy project developers, proponents, reviewing/permitting entities, and the military throughout the development process.
• 2016 legislative report, Civilian-Military Land Use Study (PDF), prepared by TSG.
• Link to other Military and Defense Sector economic development programs: external link
Compatible Energy Siting Assessment (CESA)
In 2019 Commerce partnered with the State of Washington Energy Facility Site Evaluation Council (EFSEC) to explore energy market trends and areas where potential energy siting and military operations overlap. The project goals are to outline siting and consultation processes for renewable energy facilities, while preserving the military’s ability to operate safely and efficiently in areas of new energy development. Project outcomes will include information on energy trends, policies, consultation practices, recommendations for streamlined processes, and mapping resources or a mapping application to assist energy facility siting.
The 24-month project (October 2019-September 2021) promotes compatibility by developing tools and resources to aid communication between energy developers, review/permitting entities, and the military. While Washington State prioritizes a clean energy future, some forms of energy development near military bases or ranges can raise concerns for pilot safety, communications, navigation technologies, radar or other basic military functions.
Coordinating as early as possible in the development process offers a vital opportunity to identify and plan around potential risks. Washington state law requires written notice to the Department of Defense (DOD) for energy permit applications (RCW 36.01.320). Energy developers and reviewers are advised to have early and ongoing consultation with the DOD throughout the development process to identify and plan around potential concerns associated with military operations and safety. The contacts for DOD consultation are:
Northwest Training Range Complex (NWTRC)
8730 N. Charles Porter Ave.
Oak Harbor, WA 98278-5000
Phone (360) 930-4085
Fax (360) 257-1852
United States Air Force Western Regional Environmental Office (AFCEE/RO-W)
50 Fremont Street, Room 2450
San Francisco, CA 94105-2236
Phone (415) 977-8884
Fax (415) 977-8900
DOD Siting Clearinghouse: To opt into a review process under the Office of the Secretary of Defense, visit www.acq.osd.mil/dodsc/
2015-2016: Commerce undertook an encroachment study for the Legislature (Authorizing legislation: 2015 3rd ex.s. c 4 s 128). Eastern Washington University drafted an initial report on nationwide best practices, which Commerce revised based on insights from public comments in February 2016. Commerce received $98,000 in state funds to finalize the study, serving as match funds for $485,000 in DOD grant funding through the Office of Economic Adjustment (OEA). Commerce hired a consultant to prepare the final Civilian-Military Land Use Study, submitted to the Legislature in December 2016.
2017: TSG drafted recommendations for Commerce to develop information and outreach on civilian-military planning needs. TSG integrated public comments into the Washington State Military and Community Compatibility Strategy, a program implementation plan.
2018: Commerce implemented outreach and technical assistance portions of the 2017 Washington State Military and Community Compatibility Strategy, with the support of an OEA grant award of $497,000. Commerce used the grant to produce a compatibility guidebook.
2019: Commerce published the Washington State Military and Community Compatibility Guidebook as a technical assistance resource on civilian-military planning. Commerce also began supporting coordination efforts in local compatibility partnerships for conservation around Joint Base Lewis-McChord (JBLM). The Legislature passed Substitute Senate Bill (SSB) 5748 directing Commerce to form a grant program supporting community projects that focus on compatibility.
2020: Commerce published a Legislative Report on establishing a Defense Community Compatibility Account (DCCA) in response to SSB-5748, establishing grant program guidelines and prioritization for local compatibility-focused projects. Commerce also received an OEA grant of one million dollars from OEA for a Compatible Energy Siting Assessment (CESA). CESA is a partnership with the State of Washington Energy Facility Site Evaluation Council (EFSEC) to promote early and ongoing civilian-military coordination in energy siting and development.
Governor’s Smart Communities Awards Program
GMA Laws and Rules
GMA Periodic Update
Growth Management Grants
Growth Management Topics
Guidebooks and Resources
Defense Community Compatibility
Sea-Tac Airport Effects Study
Regional Planners’ Forums
Short Course on Local Planning
Submitting Materials to the State for Review