In addition to sexual assault, domestic violence, stalking, and human trafficking, OCVA funds programs that serve a wide variety of crimes:

Elder Abuse

Elder abuse is any form of mistreatment that results in harm or loss to an older person. It can be financial, physical, psychological/emotional, sexual, and can include neglect. The trend of elder abuse has been steadily rising over the last decade and is expected to continue. Most elder abuse occurs in the community by people known to the vulnerable adult, the vast majority being family members. Research shows that only one in five cases of elder abuse is ever reported.


Fraud is a premeditated deception made against another person for personal gain or to harm the other individual. Fraud resembles theft in that both involve some form of illegal taking. Fraud requires an additional element of false pretenses created to persuade a victim to turn over property, services, or money. While theft, by comparison, requires the unauthorized taking of another person’s property.

Identity Theft

Identity theft occurs when someone uses another person’s identifying information, such as their name, social security number, or credit card number without permission to commit fraud or other crimes. The crime takes many forms. Identity thieves may rent an apartment, obtain a credit card, establish a telephone account, etc. A person may not be aware that they are a victim of identity theft until they look at their credit report.

Hate Crimes

Hate crimes occur when a perpetrator targets a victim because of his or her perceived association with a certain social group, usually defined by racial group, religion, sexual orientation, disability, class, ethnicity, nationality, age, sex, or gender identity. It generally refers to criminal acts that are seen to have been motivated by prejudice against one or more of the types listed, or of their derivatives. Incidents may involve physical assault, damage to property, bullying, harassment, verbal abuse or insult, or offensive graffiti or letters.

Property Crimes

Property crimes is a category of crime that includes burglary, larceny, theft, motor vehicle theft, arson, shoplifting, and vandalism. Property crime only involves the taking of money or property, and does not involve force or threat of force against a victim.

Vehicular Assault

Vehicular assault is when a person operating a motor vehicle causes substantial bodily harm to an individual through reckless driving, driving under the influence of drugs and/or alcohol, or with disregard for the safety of others. The injured person could be in another vehicle, a pedestrian, or a passenger in the car with the person responsible.


Kidnapping is the taking away or transportation of a person against that person’s will, usually to hold the person in false imprisonment, a confinement without legal authority. This may be done for ransom or in furtherance of another crime, or in connection with a child custody dispute.


Robbery is the crime of taking or attempting to take something of value by force or threat of force by putting the victim in fear. Robbery differs from theft in its use of violence and intimidation. 

Mass Violence

There is no widely accepted definition of mass violence as different approaches and factors are used to define what mass violence is. It can be defined as the killing and injuring of multiple victims in a single incident using weapons, explosives or arson. (i.e., school shootings, bombings, domestic violence incidents, work places). The response to mass violence looks different for each incident, and no two communities will respond in the same way.


VOCA Guidelines, US Dept. of Justice, Office of Justice Programs
Crime Victimization Glossary, US Dept. of Justice, Office for Victims of Crime
Mass Violence Toolkit, Office of Justice Programs, Office of Victims of Crime
After Violence: Supporting Children Who Have Faced Trauma
Resources to Help Children in the Wake of a School Shooting

Need help?

Are you a victim of domestic violence, sexual assault, stalking, or other crime? Do you know someone who is a victim of crime?

Crime Victims Resource Guide to services in your county
Washington State Clearinghouse on Human Trafficking

If you are a victim of a crime and are looking for services:
Direct Service Line:1-800-822-1067

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